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  • Writer's pictureAndrew Gardner

Earwax Symptoms: Recognizing Signs of Ear Health

Updated: Aug 15, 2023



Earwax, medically known as cerumen, is a natural substance produced by the body to protect and lubricate the delicate structures of the ear. While earwax is a normal part of ear health, excessive buildup or impaction can lead to discomfort and other symptoms. In this blog, we'll explore the various symptoms associated with earwax issues, helping you understand when it's time to seek professional care for your ears.

Common Earwax Symptoms:


1. Hearing Loss: One of the primary symptoms of earwax buildup or impaction is a noticeable decrease in hearing. If you find yourself asking people to repeat themselves or struggle to hear conversations, it could be due to a blockage caused by excess earwax.


2. Ear Discomfort: Excessive earwax can lead to a sensation of fullness or discomfort in the affected ear. You might feel as though something is blocking your ear canal.


3. Tinnitus: Tinnitus is the perception of ringing, buzzing, or other sounds in the ears when there's no external source. While tinnitus has various causes, earwax buildup can sometimes contribute to these sensations.


4. Earache or Pain: If earwax becomes impacted and pushes against the eardrum, it can result in earache or mild pain. It's essential to differentiate between earwax-related pain and other potential ear infections.


5. Dizziness or Vertigo: In rare cases, a significant buildup of earwax can affect the balance mechanism in the ear, leading to feelings of dizziness or vertigo.


6. Itching or Irritation: Some individuals might experience itching or irritation in the ear canal due to earwax buildup. However, it's important not to insert objects into the ear to relieve itching, as this can worsen the situation.


7. Fluid Discharge: While earwax is typically a waxy substance, if it's mixed with other fluids like water or pus, it can lead to an unusual discharge from the ear.

When to Seek Medical Attention:

If you experience any of the above symptoms or suspect earwax buildup, it's advisable to consult a medical professional, such as an ear, nose, and throat (ENT) specialist or a healthcare provider. They can accurately diagnose the cause of your symptoms and recommend appropriate treatment. It's crucial to avoid attempting to remove earwax using cotton swabs or other objects, as this can push the earwax further into the ear canal, potentially causing more harm.

Treatment and Prevention:

Earwax issues can often be managed with professional care. Depending on the severity of the buildup, treatment options may include ear irrigation, the use of ear drops to soften the wax, or manual removal by a medical professional. To prevent excessive earwax buildup, you can gently clean the outer ear with a washcloth and avoid inserting objects into the ear canal.


About my Ear Wax

Understanding the symptoms associated with earwax issues is vital for maintaining ear health. If you experience hearing loss, discomfort, tinnitus, or any other unusual sensations in your ears, it's important to consult a medical professional. By addressing earwax-related symptoms promptly and seeking appropriate care, you can ensure that your ears remain healthy, allowing you to fully enjoy the sounds of life.


Earwax, also known as cerumen, is a waxy substance produced by the glands in the ear canal. It plays a crucial role in protecting the ear canal and eardrum by trapping dust, debris, and bacteria, preventing them from entering deeper parts of the ear. Earwax also helps to moisturize and lubricate the ear canal, preventing it from becoming dry and itchy.

There are two main types of earwax: wet (yellow) and dry (gray). The type of earwax a person has is largely determined by genetics, and it can also vary based on factors such as age, ethnicity, and environment.

  1. Wet Earwax (Yellow/Brown): This type of earwax is typically soft and moist. It contains higher levels of lipids and oils, which contribute to its yellow or brownish color. Wet earwax is more common among people of African, European, and Middle Eastern descent.

  2. Dry Earwax (Gray/Flaky): Dry earwax is drier and flakier in texture. It contains less lipids and oils, making it appear gray or light-colored. This type of earwax is more common among people of East Asian descent, including Chinese, Japanese, and Korean populations.

The type of earwax a person has is mainly a result of genetic factors. It's important to note that there is no intrinsic difference in terms of cleanliness or healthiness between wet and dry earwax. Both types of earwax are effective in protecting the ear canal and maintaining ear health.

The type of earwax you have does not usually have a direct medical significance or health implication. However, individuals with dry earwax may be more prone to experiencing ear canal blockages, as dry earwax can accumulate and harden more easily. In such cases, it's recommended to avoid inserting objects like cotton swabs or other foreign objects into the ear canal, as this can push the wax further in and potentially lead to earwax impaction.

If you're concerned about earwax buildup or are experiencing any discomfort, it's a good idea to consult a medical professional, such as an ear, nose, and throat (ENT) specialist or a primary care doctor. They can provide guidance on proper ear hygiene and, if necessary, perform safe procedures to remove excessive earwax buildup.

Remember that while earwax might seem like a small and insignificant aspect of our health, it serves an important protective role for our ears, and its presence and type are largely determined by genetics.



Ear Wax Fun Facts:

  1. Unique Odor: The scent of earwax can vary among individuals due to differences in genetics and diet. Some people claim they can detect a mild odor, while others might not notice any smell at all.

  2. Earwax as a Time Capsule: Earwax can accumulate over time, and the layers of wax might contain traces of chemicals and substances that were present in your environment at different points in your life, similar to the rings of a tree. This can include things like pollutants or certain medications.

  3. Self-Cleaning Mechanism: The ear canal is designed to be somewhat self-cleaning. Jaw movements during activities like talking and chewing help to move old earwax from the inner ear to the outer ear, where it eventually dries up and falls out.

  4. Candle Wax vs. Earwax: Ear candling, a practice where a hollow cone is inserted into the ear and lit, is sometimes claimed to remove earwax. However, there's limited scientific evidence to support its effectiveness, and it can be dangerous due to the risk of burns, ear canal obstruction, and damage to the eardrum.

  5. Wax Production Varies: The amount of earwax produced can vary widely from person to person. Some individuals produce very little earwax, while others may have more noticeable accumulations.

  6. No Need for Cleaning Tools: Contrary to common belief, using cotton swabs or other objects to clean your ears is not recommended. These objects can push earwax deeper into the ear canal, leading to impaction and potential damage to the delicate structures of the ear.

  7. Earwax Impaction: In some cases, earwax can become impacted, causing discomfort, hearing problems, and even dizziness. If you suspect you have impacted earwax, it's best to seek professional help for safe removal.

  8. Earwax Composition: Earwax is not just a mixture of dirt and oils. It actually contains a combination of secretions from sebaceous and ceruminous glands, dead skin cells, and dust particles.

  9. Wax Production Decreases with Age: As people age, the production of earwax tends to decrease. This can sometimes lead to drier ear canals, which might be more prone to irritation and itching.

  10. Earwax is Not Indicative of Hygiene: The presence or type of earwax you have has no direct correlation with personal hygiene. Both wet and dry earwax types serve their protective purposes regardless of their appearance.

Remember that while earwax can be a quirky topic, it's important to approach ear care with caution and avoid inserting objects into the ear canal. If you have concerns about your ear health or earwax accumulation, consult a healthcare professional for proper guidance.

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